Bitterness Defiles Many, (1 Samuel 22)

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Notes from church (Lincoln Christian Life Center). (916)645-3347
Researched on biblegateway.com, New International Version

AT THE CAVE OF ADULLAM, (1 Samuel 22:1-2)

1. Where is Adullam?

David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam.

2. Why did David’s family join him?

When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. All those that were distressed or in debt or discontent gathered around him, and he became their commander. About 400 men were with him.

3. What three classes of people followed David?

* Distressed

* In debt

* Discontent

4. Were these vile and wicked people?

About 400 men were with him.

On To Moab, (1 Samuel 22:3-4)

5. Where did David seek to shelter his family?

From there David went to Mizpah in Moab and said to the king of Moab, “Would you let my father and mother come and stay with you until I learn what God will do for me?”

6. Why did David choose Moab?

So he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him as long as David was in a stronghold.

DAVID FINDS A STRONGHOLD (1 Samuel 22:4-5)

7. When David left his family, where did he go for safety for himself and his men? (Verse 5)

But the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Go into the land of Judah.” So David left and went into the forest of Hereth.

8. Why did David leave “the stronghold”?

Now Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. And Saul was seated, spear in hand, under the tamarisk tree on the hill at Gibeah, with all his officials standing at his side. He said to them, ” Listen men of Benjamin! Will the son of Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? ” Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds?”

9. Why did you think the prophet recommended that?

Ahimelek answered the king, “Who of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king’s son in law, captain of your body guard and highly respected in your household? 15. Was that day the first I inquired of God for him? Of course not! Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his fathers family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair.”

10. Where did David relocate? (Verse 5)

But the prophet Had said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Go into the land of Judah.” So David left and went into the forest of Hereth.

SAUL’S RAGE, (1 Samuel 22:6-10)

11. Why did Saul have his spear in his hand and his men at his side?

Now Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. And Saul was seated, spear in hand, under the tamarisk tree on the hill at Gibeah, with all his officials standing at his side.

12. How did Saul appeal to his followers? (Verse 7)

He said to them, “Listen, men of Benjamin! Will the son Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds?

13. How did he appeal with tribal jealousy? (Verse 7)

He said to them, ” Listen, men of Benjamin! Will the son of Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds?

14. How did he appeal to their pity? (Verse 8)

Is that why you have all conspired against me? No one tells me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse? None of you is concerned about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today.”

15. How did he make them feel about being traitors?

But Deog the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. 10. Ahimelek acquired of the Lord for him; he also gave him provisions and the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

SAUL’S INTERROGATION, (1 Samuel 22:11-15)

16. What four things did Ahimelek remind the king about David?

Ahimelek answered the king, “who of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king’s son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard and highly respected in your household.

17. What four charges did Saul level against Ahimelek?

Saul said to him, ” Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he has rebelled against me and lies in wait for me, as he does today?”

18. What is the one thing Ahimelek said he never did for David?

Was that day the first time I inquired of the Lord about David? Of course not! Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father’s family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair. ”

SAUL’S UNJUST PROCEEDINGS, (1 Samuel 22:16-19)

19. What ungodly order did Saul give to his soldiers? (Verse 17)

Then the king ordered the guards at his side, “Turn and kill the Priest’s of the Lord, because they too have sided with David. They knew he was fleeing, yet they did not tell me.

20. How do you know that Saul was fully knowledgeable that he was condemning men of God?

But the king’s officials were unwilling to raise a hand to strike the Priest’s of the Lord.

21. How many Priest’s were killed? (Verse 18)

The king then ordered Doeg, ” You turn and strike down the Priest’s.” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod.

22. How many family members?

He also put to the sword Nob, the town of the Priest’s, with it’s men and women, it’s children and infants, and it’s cattle, donkeys, and sheep.

23. Who killed them?

Doeg the Edomite.

24. Who were the Edomite?

The Edomites were descended from Esau who is the brother of Jacob and son of Isaac.

25. What did he literally do?

He killed everyone in the town of Nob.

THE ONLY ONE TO ESCAPE, (1 Samuel 22:20-23)

26. Who alone escaped the massacre?

But one son of Ahimelek son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled to join David.

27. Why would he join David?

21. He told David that Saul had killed the Priest’s of tAbiathar. 22. Then David said to Abiathar, “That day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, I knew he would be sure to tell Saul. I am responsible for the death of your whole family. 23. Stay with me; don’t be afraid. The man who wants to kill you is trying to kill me too.

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